With the increase in number of users day by day, facilities of mobile phones technology are also increasing using new software and operating system. Starting with simple regular handsets which were used just for making calls, now are more advanced and have innumerable uses. Android one of the most powerful and widely used operating systems for mobiles was founded in Palo Alto of California, U.S. by Andy Rubin, Rich miner, Nick sears and Chris White in 2003, later was acquired by Google in 2005. Google has launched different versions of Android till now and in its official releases, has gone to say that ‘Since these devices make our lives so sweet, each Android version is named after a dessert’.
- Android 1.0 and Android 1.1
The first two versions were no given any name and just simply referred as Android 1.0 and Android 1.1 and from Android 1.5 specific names were assigned to the OS alphabetically.
- Android 1.5 CUPCAKE
This version brought support to video recording and uploading to YouTube with animated transition effects, it made surfing better. Released in April 2009, it allows auto rotation, clipboard improvements and extensible home screen of any mobile platform.
- Android 1.6 DONUT
Released in September 2009, this version allow multiple screen resolutions, quick search box with voice and text search entry and the major add on of this version was the satellite navigation in Google Maps.
- Android 2.0 and 2.1 ÉCLAIR
Android 2.0 was launched in October 2009 and 2.1 in December 2009 with improved user interface. Live wallpapers, animations on the home screen, support for multi touch functions, extended account sync for multiple accounts and new camera features were included in this version.
- Android 2.2 FROYO
Launched in May 2010 with many bug fixes, it allowed the users to install the apps on SD card, zoom gesture to view pictures and Wi-Fi tethering. Froyo optimized performance with introducing of Dalvik JIT compiler.
- Android 2.3 GINGERBREAD
This version modernized the Android gaming and launched in December 2010. It support SIP for internet calling and front facing camera for video calling also showed up. NFC(Near Field Communication) feature was added with much improved power management.
- Android 3.0/3.1/3.2 HONEYCOMB
Released in February 2011, this version was exclusive to tablets with several UI aspects and apps, enhanced widgets and hardware acceleration.
- Android 4.0 ICE CREAM SANDWICH
Facial unlock feature first made its appearance here. Released in October 2011 it added the ability to take screenshots and tracking mobile data usage.
- Android 4.1/4.2/4.3 JELLY BEANS
Released in July 2012 it was tailored to customize notifications for specific apps and personal intelligent assistant was added by Google.
- Android 4.4 KITKAT
Hit phones in October 2013, it brought the voice search functionality with ’Ok Google’, an emoji keyboard, lock screen widgets and a dialer with caller ID support.
- Android 5.0 LOLLIPOP
This version made all round change by introducing battery saver mode, supporting multiple sim cards and 4G LTE calling. Launched in November 2014 it introduced material design, a set of guidelines for all apps.
- Android 6.0 MARSHMALLOW
Launched in October 2015, it came with fingerprint support, a doze mode to save battery life and new app permissions that give more controlling.
- Android 7.0 NOUGAT
This version released in August 2016, supports multiple windows for operating two apps at the simultaneously. Adding more on this it support for Android Pay and Google Daydream.
- Android 8.0 OREO
Released in August 2017, it is the latest and the most advanced version of Android in the market. It tweaks some useful features like picture-in-picture mode, upgraded UI and minimizing background activity for super saving the battery life.
- Android 9 Pie
Android Pie is the latest version of Google’s operating system, which is mainly focused on simple and AI-powered efficiency.